What is a civil society

The civil society, from my understanding, is a society in which citizens have the necessary resources and effective constitutional protection to fully exert their civil rights and fulfill their civil duties. This includes, but not limited to, the formation of ‘sectors’ or organizations for the citizenship related functions.

Citizens don’t not necessarily need collective or collaborated activities to maintain and expand their citizenship. As long as there is a binding social contract between the citizen and the authority, and a impartial arbitrary system to settle the disputes between the two parties, that society can be called a civil society.

Some comparable terms to civil society are slavery society and medieval society, in which there were no citizens and citizenship.

svchost.exe is infected with a virus?

As of October 30, Nod32 (version 3.0.669) updated its virus definition which identifies a new virus called Win32/Patched.NAC. Today it detected a crucial Windows file called svchost.exe, which is located at C:WindowsSystem32, is infected with this Patched.NAC virus.

It didn’t offer an option to clean it, so I chose to delete this Windows system file. The system is crippled after a reboot. I could boot into desktop, but there was no Internet connection and no sound. Left with no choice, I restored the deleted svchost.exe from quarantine to where it belongs. Nod32 still prompts this Patched.NAC virus but I have to tolerate this virus until I can find a replacement file.

I also doubt this might be a false alarm. Unfortunately, there isn’t a detailed description of what Win32/Patched.NAC virus does to the system.

Update: I used a clean svchost file and replaced the infected file under Linux. Problem is solved, but I still have no idea how it was infected and how the virus attacks.

Update:I think this virus attack is related to the recent Windows RPC bug as MS puts it “A security issue has been identified that could allow an unauthenticated remote attacker to compromise your Microsoft Windows-based system and gain control over it.” A fix (KB958644) of this bug is available as MS site.